Dr. Levine is a nationally recognized expert in wound care and pressure ulceration. and has published and spoken widely on this topic. He is a Board Member of the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP). Dr. Levine's Pocket Guide to Pressure Ulcers co-authored by Elizabeth Ayello RN and published by the New Jersey Hospital Association is in its 4th printing and has sold over 30,000 copies.

This article on the history of Dakin’s Solution was published in the journal, Advances in Skin & Wound Care

Dakin’s solution has been used for almost a century for treatment of infected wounds. Developed by a biochemist named Henry Dakin in the early 20th Century, it is a dilute solution of sodium hypochlorite, which is commonly known as household bleach. When properly applied, it can kill pathogenic microorganisms with minimum cytotoxicity. The story of Dakin’s Solution is inextricably attached to the Nobel Prize winning surgeon, Alexis Carrel, whose political views included eliminating society’s undesirables in the name of improving the human race.  This article reviews the history Dakin’s solution, explores the connection between Henry Dakin and Alexis Carrel, and discusses how evolving technology might pave the way for a new role for this antiseptic.

The full citation is :  

Levine JM. Dakin’s Solution: Past, Present, and Future. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2013 Sep;26(9):410-4

You can access this article at this link, but you may need to pay a fee.



Dr. Jeffrey M. Levine has authored numerous articles on topics related to healthcare of the elderly. These include medical history, prevention and treatment of chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers, elder neglect and abuse, and physical restraints. He has also edited a book on legal and regulatory aspects of nursing homes.